Boasting royal ambience and colourful history telling stories of valiance and chivalry, Rajasthan is a popular destination for tourists worldwide. This incredible Indian state was invaded and ruled by several rulers, but these invasions could not damage the princely state and beautiful architecture of Rajasthan forts and palaces. Let us look at the famous tourist attractions in Rajasthan, which includes the popular forts and palaces of the state.
List of Forts & Palaces in Rajasthan
Amber Fort and Palace, Jaipur
Raja Man Singh I built the Amber Fort in the 16th century. The magnificent fort overlooks the Maota Lake and is situated on the foot of the Aravalli range. The Amber (Amer) Fort is laid on a four-level layout and is known for its artistic design and craftsmanship. It is among the best places to visit in Rajasthan. The fort is a perfect example of red sandstone and marble architecture. The fort has attractions like the Hall of Public Audience, Hall of Private Audience, Sheesh Mahal and Sukh Niwas. Housing the Sheela Mata Temple, the fort displays a rich blend of Hindu elements, including several gates and cobbled paths. The Amber Fort witnesses thousands of travellers from all over the world daily.
Amber Fort visitors can also enjoy the light and sound show held at Kesar Kyari inside the fort every evening.
Jaigarh Fort, Jaipur
Built by Jai Singh II in 1726 as a protection for the Amer Fort, the Jaigarh Fort often known as Victory Fort, was built in 1726 by Jai Singh II to protect the Amber Fort. The Jaigarh Fort stands on the foot of the Cheel Ka Teela. The most significant attraction of the fort is the grand cannon- Jaivana. This cannon was then the world’s largest cannon on wheels. The fort consists of a complex network of passages and comprises of in-fort attractions like the Vilas Mandir, Aram Mandir, Laxmi Vilas, and Lalit Mandir. The fort museum has a vast display of antiques and armours belonging to several Rajput clans and displaying the Rajasthani culture.
Nahargarh Fort, Jaipur
Built in the year 1734 by the famous Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the Nahargarh fort is amongst the most famous forts in Rajasthan. Nahargarh Fort is standing on the edge of the Aravalli Hills, overlooking Jaipur city. The extended walls of the fort are still in a lifelike structure as the fort never witnessed any attacks. It was a hideaway to the British army during the Indian Mutiny of 1857. Today the Nahargarh Fort is among the popular places in Rajasthan, located in the outskirts of the pink city. The major attraction of the Nahargarh fort is the panoramic view of Jaipur city and the step well. The museum within the fort displays a huge collection of armours and paintings. It also has a rooftop restaurant where you can relax and curb your hunger pangs
Hawa Mahal, Jaipur
Situated in the centre of the bustling Jaipur city, the Hawa Mahal is one of the significant landmarks in the history of India. It reveals a rich Rajasthani architecture combined with the style of Islamic Mughal architecture. Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh built the Hawa Mahal in the 18th century. The high screen wall made from red and pink sandstone look like a honeycomb web of a beehive. The palace has numerous windows, which were built for the women of the royal household to observe the street festivities from the inside of the palace. The Hawa Mahal has approximately a thousand windows decorated with intricate designs, rooms with colourful marbles, and fluted pillars with lotus and floral patterns. It also has a courtyard that now displays a museum.
City Palace, Jaipur
Your Rajasthan trip will be incomplete without visiting the famous City Palace of Jaipur. Standing in the heart of the Pink City, the palace is a fusion of Rajasthani architecture, Mughal architecture and European architecture. Built by the great Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1732, the City Palace boasts exquisite architectural work and historical significance, making it an important Rajasthan Tourism site. The palace comprises several gateways, namely, Virendra Pol, Udai Pol, and Tripolia, smaller palaces such as the Maharani Palace, Mubarak Mahal, and Chandra Mahal, the courtyard- Pitam Niwas Chowk, and prominent halls including Diwan-e-Khas and Diwan-e-Aam. The palace also has a museum, Bhaggi Khana, which is well stocked with old carriages, palanquins and European cabs. The palace has a temple too, which is dedicated to Lord Krishna.
Jal Mahal, Jaipur
Built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amber in the 18th century, the Jal Mahal is located in amidst Man Sagar Lake. It is another example of an exquisite fusion of the Rajasthani style of architecture and Islamic style of architecture. This beautiful palace is a five-storied red sandstone structure with intricately decorated rooms, hallways and wall paintings depicting Rajasthani art. The Jal Mahal is surrounded by a large biosphere of the Aravalli range. The lush tropical forest surrounding the area, which is home to varied species of flora and fauna enhances the palace’s beauty. For the leisure of the tourists, there are also boat rides available in Man Sagar Lake. The boats also are crafted in Rajasthani style.
Lohagarh Fort, Bharatpur
Said to be the “pride of India,” the Lohagarh Fort is situated in the heart of Bharatpur city. The fort was built to defend the attacks of the Mughals and Britishers in the 18th century and 19th century, respectively. The fort was known to be the strongest structures ever constructed in India. The fort has two gates- The Ashtadhatu Gate (main entrance) and Lohiya Gate, which are made out of different metals.
The Lohagarh Fort houses the two victory towers- the Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj, commemorating the victory over the Mughals and British army. The fort also has three palaces – Mahal Khas, Kamra Palace and Badan Singh’s Palace. Out of the three palaces, The Badan Singh Palace is the oldest one. In 1944, the Kamra Palace and the hall of Badan Singh Palace were converted into State Archeological Museum. It now has a fine display of antiques from Noh, Mailah, Bureh and Bayana villages belonging to the Kushana period and some displays of Arabic and Sanskrit manuscripts, armours and paintings.