Check any list of the ‘best places to visit in Delhi’ and chances are that you will find ‘Red Fort’ on it. Although the map of the national capital is marked with magnificent monuments, some stand out from the rest with their intriguing history and architectural brilliance and Red Fort is among these. Also referred to as Lal Qila, the imposing fortress offers a glimpse into the military might of the Mughal emperors.
History of Red Fort
The construction of Red Fort was commissioned by Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal emperor of India, after he decided to move his capital from Agra to Shahjahanabad, present-day Delhi. It served as the seat of the Mughal Empire for nearly 200 years before it came to an end during the British reign over India. This is also where the coronation of the last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar’s coronation took place in 1837. Owing to the rich history of the complex, it was inscribed in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites In the year 2007. On 15th August every year, when the country celebrates its Independence Day, the Indian Prime Minister hoists a flag at Red Fort and address the nation.
Architecture of Red Fort
Red Fort derives its name from the red sandstone which was extensively used in the construction of the monument. The architecture of Red Fort of Delhi is largely derived from Red Fort or Agra Fort in the city of Agra. However, many consider that several architectural shortcomings of the Agra Fort were overcome in the construction of the complex. It reflects the typical Mughal architecture which, in itself, is a blend of Persian, Hindu and Timurid styles.
The outer walls of the fort rise for staggering 33 metres, making the fort immensely difficult to invade or attach. Diwan-e-Aam or Diwan-i-am is a hall within the complex where the emperor would address the public. The fort also features Diwan-e-Khas where the monarch would have private audiences. The main entry gate is referred to as the ‘Lahore Gate’ owing to its orientation towards the city of Lahore. Some other features of Red Fort are Mumtaz Mahal, Delhi Gate, Nahr-i-Bihisht, Hammam and Moti Masjid. The incredible architecture of Red Fort has inspired the designs of several monuments in Delhi, Agra and Rajasthan constructed after it.
Red Fort Today
In the 21st century, this 17th-century fortress stands as the remnant of the past which draws a vast number of locals and tourists every day. Nestled in the heart of Chandni Chowk, one of busiest shopping and eating hubs of Delhi, it is a popular hangout spot among Delhiites. Not just domestic, but international tourists also flock to the monument in large numbers to admire its grandeur and learn about its intriguing history. A light and sound show also takes place here in the evening.
Timings: 9.30 am to 4.30 pm (Monday Closed)
Entry fee: ₹90 for India nationals and ₹950 for foreigners
Light & sound show ticket price: ₹80 for adults and ₹30 for children
If you are a Delhiite or have spent a substantial amount of time in the national, then you must have visited Red Fort. But in case you haven’t and are planning a trip to Delhi in future, then you shouldn’t miss this chance to explore the stunning monument. Book flight tickets with HappyEasyGo for free flight cancellation and avoid paying hefty charges in case your travel plans change. Also, do not forget to grab the biggest discount on hotels in Delhi on HappyEasyGo.